Phyllanthus niruri is a widespread tropical plant commonly found in coastal areas, known by the common names gale of the wind, stonebreaker or seed-under-leaf. It is a relative of the spurges, belonging to the genus Phyllanthus of the family Phyllanthaceae.It grows 50–70 cm (20–28 in) tall and bears ascending herbaceous branches. The bark is smooth and light green. It bears numerous pale green flowers which are often flushed with red. The fruits are tiny, smooth capsules containing seeds.Phyllanthus niruri, also known as Bhumyamalaki, Keezhanelli (Malayalam, Tamil) has been used in Ayurveda, Siddha for problems of the stomach, genitourinary system, liver, kidney, and spleen, and to treat chronic fever.
Phyllanthus niruri has been investigated for its potential medicinal benefits. A 2010 review found some evidence that it might be effective at inhibiting kidney stone formation. A Cochrane review from 2011 found that there is “no convincing evidence that phyllanthus, compared with placebo, benefits patients with chronic HBV (Hepatitis B Virus) infection.”
Phyllanthus niruri may be best known as a kidney stone remedy. According to 2010 research, many studies have shown that it’s a powerful kidney stone deterrent.Phyllanthus niruri can help relax the ureter after lithotripsy to help stones pass. Lithotripsy is a procedure used to break up stones in the urinary tract. It may also prevent stones from forming in the first place by stopping the crystals that form them from clumping together.
Phyllanthus niruri showed few negative side effects in human and animal studies, but you should still use caution. It may cause stomach upset or diarrhea. Because it hasn’t been studied, there’s no proven safe dose for children. This herb is not recommended for pregnant or breastfeeding women.